|General Characteristics of the District Medak
The district comprises of a land area of 9699 sq kms and forms a part of table land of the Deccan plateau. It is criss-crossed by hills of varying heights. It falls under the 10th Agro climate zone as per the classification done by planning commission.
Major crops grown are paddy, maize, castor, jowar and pulses. Rabi crops like jowar, Bengal gram, sunflower and chillies are grown. River Manjeera a tributary of river Godavari is the major river flowing throughout the district. River Manjira provides irrigation facility in the district and is the main source of drinking water for the state capital of Hyderabad and Secunderabad. River Haldi also provides water for irrigation purposes. The important place in Medakis is the Church which was built in 1914 as the biggest Church in South India. Tourist places - religious based Kanakadurga Temple , Edupayalu, Kasivisweswara temple, Kalabgoor and Kondapur.
Location & Geographical Area.
The Medak district is bounded by Nizamabad and Karimnagar districts on the north, Warangal and Nalgonda districts on the East, Rangareddy district as South and by Bidar district of Karnataka on the West.
The district Head quarters is Sangareddy which lies at a distance of just 55 kms from the state capital Hyderabad and the Geographical area is 9699 sq. kms
The climate in Medak district can be classified as tropical to sub tropical. Max temperature during summer is around 420C and min. temperature in winter touches 90 - 1O0 C The district receives maximum rainfall through the South West monsoon, which Sets in during mid june. The normal rainfall received in the district is 868 mm.
Availability of Minerals
The major minerals found in the district are quartz and laterite. Minor minerals include Silica sand, pink granite etc.
Forest area is 91310 Hectares. The forests are mainly in the areas of Narsapur and Jinnaram Mandals. The major produce is teak, neem, mahua, saal etc. Minor produce include beedi leaves, grass etc.
Administrative set up
The district consists of 45 Mandals and 3 Revenue divisions are there (1) Sangareddy (2) Medak (3) Siddipet.
Major Exportable Item:
Medak district is classified as a backward district, while on the other it has the distinction of housing the second largest number of large and medium industries in the State. Yet, they are industrial pockets in the district, which are house to some world famous large units like Dr. Reddy's Labs etc. The major products for export are turbines, generators, electrical equipment, missiles, light combat vehicles, formulations, tyre and tubes, flaps, beer air coolers, refrigerators etc.
Mineral resources: Quartz, feldspar, laterite, colour granite, white cement are export oriented items in Medak District. Already mentioned, BHEL, ordinance factory, Bharat Dynamics Ltd., Hindustan Flour Carbons Ltd., MRF, Mahendra and Mahendra Ltd., Dr. Reddy's Labs, Aurobindo Pharma Ltd., Hindustan Sanitary ware Ltd, Biological Evans Ltd., Bhadrachalam paper Boards Ltd., ITW signode India Ltd., Vijay electrical, Navopan Ltd., Asian Paints Ltd etc., 100% of export oriented units like Techtran polylenses Ltd, Indus Medicare Ltd., Nova Agritech Ltd., are also involved in exports.
Growth trend is for chemicals, drugs, pharmaceutical industries category, followed by plastic and rubber industries, machinery equipment making industry, metal products, and mineral based industries etc.
Vendorisation/Ancillarisation of the industry:
An ancillary Industrial Estate (ATE) has been developed by APIC near BHEL at RC. Puram which houses ancillaries to BHEL. M/s Mahindra and Mahindra also proposes to promote ancillary industries at Zaheerabad with about 500 units to supply components, spare parts and services for its automobile plant and scope in there even to establish 150 to 200 units. Medak is an agrarian economy hence food processing and agro based ancillary industries can be established. Mini rice mills, cattle and poultry feed units can be established. Bio-fertilizer units, particle boards from agro waste like baggage, rice husk, paddy stems etc. can be made. Agricultural implement units, fruit based process industry, cold storage plants etc.
For chemicals and allied products, Rice bran wax, labeling gum, PVC Adhesives for PVC pipes, carbonless copy paper, direct copy paper, gummed paper tape, liquid deodorant and cleaner units etc.
For BHEL: Components for gas turbines, electrical fittings for gas turbines, components for pumps, pulverizes flanges & pipe fittings.
For ordinance factory: Hatch traversing mechanism, exhaust ventilation systems, smoke generating equipment etc.
Potentials areas for service industries:
Patancheru, BHEL, RC Puram, Sangareddy etc.
Potentials for New MSMEs:
The units like mechanized building bricks, stone ware pipes, hydrated lime, white cement, mosaic cement tiles, asbestos pipes and fittings coated abrasives, ophthalmic lens grinding, refractory bricks are encouraged at Narsapur, Mallepally, Andol, Buchanapalli, Zaheerabad, Rayala Madugu, Yeldurthy, Patancheru, RC Puram, Sadasivapet, Narayanked areas.
Hand loom units, Handicrafts:
Hand loom activity is prevalent in 18 mandals in the district, clusters of power looms are located in Sadasivapet and Siddipet areas. Kambal (blanket) weaving units, butta sarees in and around Jogipet. Siddipet Bathic paintings, Ramayampet brass, silver and wooden wares - traditional works, it can be encouraged in Jogipet areas. Toy making clusters at Gummadidala and Bonthampalli - Traditional artisans of these two villages of Jinnaram Mandal of Medak district have been engaged in lacquer of toys making activity . Still scope is there to establish many units. Pearl drilling units are encouraged at chamdanpet area.
Mini rice mills, dall mills can be encouraged in Siddipet area. Khandasari sugar units at Narsapur, Medak, Sadasivapet, Siddipet areas. Cattle feed, and poultry feed units are at Medak area, Narasapur, Siddipet and Zaheerabad areas. Agricultural implements like dusters, sprayers, shellers, seed bins, chaff cutter, plough shears, sugar cane crushers can be encouraged in Siddipet area . Fruit based units - Dehydrated fruit and vegetable units can be encouraged in Zaheerabad, Sangareddy etc.
Cold storage plants: To avoid wastage of produce, cold storage plants can be encouraged at Siddipet, Medak areas.
Granite polishing: Polished units can be encouraged in Zaheerabad, Jogipet areas
Plastic based industry: Demand is there for consumer plastic goods and moulded goods. Industrial plastics can also be encouraged for supplying to large and medium industries in the district.
Chemical Industry: Non polluting chemical products can be established. Bulk drug and formulations in chemical zone items like comphar tablets, detergent powder, PVC hoses, wire enamel are encouraged in Patancheru and R.C. Puram area.
Footwear and other leather goods: Leather garments, leather and synthetic leather foot wear, bags, travel bags etc., can be encouraged in Medak district near Zaheerabad.
Textile based products: Readymade garments are great demand, latest models of fashion garments, knitted gaments, navar tapes, hand loom, bed sheets, towels etc, can be encouraged in Jogipet area.
Engineering based industry: Engineering units can be encouraged at Patancheru and RC. Puram areas. Some of which manufacture high technology and high precision products required for defense and space research. Apart for these products, service industry like servicing & repairing of 2/3/4 wheelers. Servicing and repairing agricultural implements, fabrication of gates and grills, foundry, manufacture of agriculture implements.
Electrical and electronics: IT based services, telecommunication equipment, repairing of cell phones, PCB's transformer coils etc. at Patancheru, RC. Puram and Zaheerabad areas.
Stationery paper and printing: Computer stationery, corrugated paper boards, gummed tapes adhesives, labels etc., are in good demand, Packing material required for large and medium scale units can be thought of are encouraged at Sangareddy, Narasapur, Patancheru, RC Puram.
The Entrepreneurial Talent is an important input for industrialisation. Educated, Skilled and Engineering people make an industrially developed society. Medak district, being a neighbouring district of the State Capital of Hyderabad, has the advantage of good educational infrastructure. Yet, the district does not have an impressive literacy rate and it is rated as one of the backward district of the state. Most of the Large and Big Small Scale Industries in the district are promoted by the people outside the district.
Paddy, Cereals, Jowar, Oil seeds and Chillies are the major crops. Paddy occupies an important place in District occupying 33 % of the area. Cotton and Sugarcane are also predominantly cultivated.
Mango, Guava, Orange, Papaya , Grapes and Water Melon are the major fruit crops of the District. The Fruit crops are cultivated over an area of 6929 Hectares.
Medak district has a forest cover of 277893 Acres mainly in and around Narsapur Mandal. The forest consists of Shrubs. Main forest produce are a small amount of Teak, Beedi Leaves, Mahuva seeds, Tamarind etc.
Medak district has very meager mineral resources. The Major minerals found in the district are Quartz, Reserve of 3280 thousand tonnes and Laterate. Other Minerals found are Amethyst Quartz, Silica sand, Ochre, Pink granite and morram
After agriculture, Animal Husbandry, comprising of dairy activity, poultry, sheep, goat and pig rearing is an important activity of 10% of the population of the district. This activity provides employment to about 3% of the population of the district. The total Live stock population of the district is 2075511 Nos. besides Poultry population of 2699077. Farmers in the district maintain 2 to 3 milch animals. The estimated milk production per day in 1997 was 234 tonnes. The NABARD and Lead Bank of the district have identified dairying as a key activity. Farmers can be motivated to take up this activity. There is a gap of about 400 tonnes between supply and demand.
MILK CHILLING FACILITIES:
There are milk chilling centres in Zaheerabad and Narayankhed in the district. The Animal Husbandry Department upgrades cattle through artificial insemination, by utilising semen of proven bulls. The district has 116 such centres.
Being a land locked district, Medak has no scope for Marine fishing. Only inland fishing activity is under taken, in spite of the drought conditions in many parts of the district, due to the presence of some water bodies like the Pocharam Reservoir and the Manjeera Barrage etc. The kinds of Fish produced are Catla, Rohu, Mrigal. The fish production is to the tune of 5000 tonnes every year.
Two fish seed farms at Medak and Manjeera Barrage exist which sell seeds to the fishermen. There are 55,413 fishermen families and 315 fisherman cooperative societies with 11,936 members.
To check degradation of land, and to meet the stipulation that a minimum of 33% of geographical area should be under tree cover, the Andhra Pradesh Forest Development Corporation has plans to develop waste lands under the Integrated Waste Land Development Programme with an out lay of Rs.700 Lakhs.
EXISTING INDUSTRIAL ESTATES / INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT AREAS:
The Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation Ltd., (APIIC) has established Industrial Estates and Industrial Development Areas in Medak district. An Industrial Estate for Non-Resident Indians is also set up by ANRICH at Bollaram. A private Industrial Estate/ IDA by Name "Sri Venkateshwara Cooperative Industrial Estate (SVCIE)" has also come up at Bollaram.
Medak district is highly dependent upon monsoon for water. Due to insufficient rains, the districts Main source of water is ground water. As use of water by the industrial sector is only a small percentage of the total water consumption, units in the district may not face any problems of water shortage. Drinking water from Majeera barrage and Singoor Reservoir is supplied to the Industrial Areas of Patancheru, Ramachandrapuram. There is a proposal with the state government for supply of Majeera Water to the Zaheerabad Town and Industrial units.
The district has poor irrigation facilities; Hence, DRIP irrigation is identified as a thrust area. The Department of Horticulture envisages covering 36000 acres under DRIP irrigation during the period 1999-2004. However water is supplied from Manjeera Barrage to Ghanpur Ayacut for irrigation purpose.
Medak is a part of Railway Infrastructure covering the total railway route of 69 KMs. Apart from the above coverage the South Central Railway has facilities to transport goods and passengers from the railway stations such as Manoharabad, Brahmanapally, Masaipet, Srinivasnagar, Wadiyaram, and Akkannapet which are situated in the main line between Secunderabad and Nizamabad. Further Zaheerabad, Metalkunta and Chitta Railway stations are situated in the main line between Secunderabad and Perli Vaijnath.
MARKET YARDS AND SPECIAL MARKET OUTLETS:
Medak district lacks good storage facilities for preserving the products leading to huge wastage of the crop. There are very few fruit processing units in the district to process the fruit produced. Mango, Guava and Orange produced here are marketed in the district and in the state capital. Mangoes are also exported. The department of Horticulture and A.P. Marketing Federation can assist in export of mangoes.
There are six market yards in the district at Siddipet, Medak, Jogipet, Sanareddy, Sadasivpet and Zaheerabad. One cold storage under private sector has come up at Peddapur village of Sadasivpet Mandal.
Medak district has good network of roads the National High Way No.9 connecting Hyderabad to Mumbai passes through the district, thereby connecting Hyderabad to Places in Karnataka and Maharastra. Other highways that pass through the district Hyderabad - Nagapur National Highway and Hyderabad -Karimnagar state Highway.As all areas of the district are not connected by the Rail, Road transport is the common means of transport in the district. The APSRTC operates regular services in the district. It has Eight Bus deports at Medak, Siddipet, Zaheerabad, Sangareddy, Narayankhed, Ramachandrapura (BHEL), Dubbak and Pregnapur. APSRTC has a fleet of 500 hundred buses operating in 243 routes. 1474 goods vehicles operate in the district to transport goods.
Medak telecom district is serving over a Geographical area of 2.78 Lakh Sq.Kms. with a population of nearly 25 Lakhs through 126 electronic exchanges with a capacity of 92520 lines and 73679 working connections. D.Tax is at Sangareddy, working with 5038 lines out of 5200 lines capacity. Telegraph service also serving in the district with one D.T.O, 7 T.C. and 19 combined offices in various Town and Villages now 100% of exchanges are on stable media. There are 2563 local public telephones including 1367 STD PTs woking in the district. Out of 1228 villages in the SSA 1048 villages are provided with telecom facilities. The Internet services are provided through exclusive 'C' Node. Out of 45 mandals in the SSA , 39 Mandal Headquarters are provided with Internet Dhabas. IN services are introduced in the SSA with ITC cards. About 42 IN PCOs at locations of Sangareddy, Patancheru, Medak, Siddipet and Zaheerabad are also operated in the SSA to catter to the needs of ITC cards users. IVRS facility is introduced at Sangareddy. CLIF facility is provided in 66 exchanges. DOT SOFT is introduced at Sangareddy. This will enable the custromer all services of the department under single window. WLL service operated at Alladurg, Siddipet, Gajwel and Medak taking the BSC at Patancheru. Latest Switching like 5ESS at Patancheru and 5ESS RSU at Eddumailaram commissioned in SSA it is first latest switchining in AP-Circle. ISDN facility is introduced in patancheru, Eddumailaram and Sangareddy. Leased Circuits also providing to private parties on annual rental basis. Now 27 Leased Circuits are working.